Efficient Watering Practices
Water infrequently, but deeply and thoroughly
This will encourage rooting and greater tolerance to dry spells. Plants send out extra roots in dry conditions to seek water. As a side benefit, plants often bloom more profusely when stressed, as the natural instinct to reproduce creates more flowers.
Mulching cuts down on water loss due to evaporation. A 2-inch layer of mulch or compost is recommended. Apply mulches to shrubs, trees, annuals, vegetable gardens and even containers.
To conserve water, move containers to areas with partial shade to keep them from drying
out too quickly in hot, windy areas.
Install a water-conserving irrigation system
Slow drip and deep root watering systems can save up to 60% of all water used in the garden.
Use correct watering techniques
Water early in the day, especially as the weather warms up, to reduce evaporation loss. Water less often but longer to encourage deep root growth. If drip irrigation won't work for you, try a hand-held hose rather than a sprinkler.
If you use a sprinkler, make sure you don't water sidewalks or driveways. Be sure your irrigation system is in proper working condition. Properly condition your soil: water doesn't easily penetrate clay soils and passes too quickly beyond the root zone of plants in sandy soils. Adding organic matter to clay and sandy soils will increase the penetrability of clay soils and the water holding capacity of sandy soils. Claybreaker and Ultra-light soil amendments are suggested for proper conditioning.
Cut lawns to proper height
Gradually let lawns reach a height of 3 to 4 inches. Longer blades of grass can mean going three to four days longer between watering.
Discourage water competition from weeds
Keep weeds pulled and reduce the likelihood of them returning by mulching. Consider using landscape fabric between the soil and your mulch to further reduce weeds.
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